The traditional system of planting in the area was the "Marco Real" ( I.50m x I.50 m). Now however, due to mechanisation, a rectangular system is in use, with dimensions of 1.15m x 2.30 m
The rows of plants, or "linos", run North-South, to make best use of the sunlight throughout the entire day.
Once the work of deep manuring and the weeding (known as the agostado) have been completed, young vines are planted at a depth of 60 cm preferably on hills and rises where the layer of "albariza" loam is not so thick, allowing the roots to penetrate to the damp layers more easily.
This is carried out in the month of August. The operation consists of making a careful knife cut into which a single bud, almost always of the Palomino variety, is inserted, the scion then being bound with raffia.
Pruning takes place between December and January. In Jerez the classic pruning system called "stick and thumb" (vara y pulgar) is used, which consists of cutting the two branches which make up each vine to leave in alternate years a single "stick" with eight buds - from which the bunches of grapes develop - and a "thumb" with just one bud. The bud on the "thumb" sprouts into the following year's "stick", while this year's stick will next year be cut back to just a "thumb".
Last Updated (Friday, 02 December 2011 13:53)